Guide on Becoming a Government Teacher after 12th – Examinations & Courses post-12th, Requirements, Salary, Essential Skills & Career Prospects!

Exploring the pathway to becoming a Government teacher after completing 12th grade involves meeting specific eligibility and qualification standards. The appeal of Government Teaching Jobs, with their enticing salary packages and job security, draws in numerous aspirants aiming for roles at primary, elementary, undergraduate, and postgraduate levels in both state and central educational institutions. Typically, aspiring government teachers after 12th grade pursue a Bachelor’s degree in any Humanities/Science/Commerce stream followed by a B.Ed program. Alternatively, they can embark on a 2-year Diploma course like Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) immediately after their 12th-grade results.

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  • Candidates must successfully clear State or Central level entrance examinations like UGC NET or State TET/CTET to gain insights into the pathway of becoming a Government teacher at the high school level.
  • It’s crucial to grasp that clearing any of the aforementioned state/central level teaching exams won’t immediately guarantee you a job. Instead, it will furnish you with a certificate of eligibility, empowering you to apply to government schools and proceed through their recruitment selection process.
  • Upon becoming a government teacher post-12th grade, there are ample opportunities for career growth, accompanied by an average starting salary of around Rs. 3.5 lakh per annum.
  • This article provides a comprehensive overview of eligibility criteria, exam formats, course durations, and other essential job-related information to aid your understanding of how to become a government teacher after 12th in 2023.
  • Enroll in premier Online Coaching for Government Teaching Exams in India to embark on your journey towards becoming a government school teacher.

Guide on How to Become a Government Teacher – Key Points

  • The aspiration to become a government teacher is driven by abundant opportunities for career progression. To explore the route to becoming a government teacher, consider delving into these career pathways –
  • Upon finishing your senior secondary 12th class examination, contemplate enrolling in a 4-year regular program like Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.). Alternatively,
  • Choose a 2-year Diploma program like Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed). Alternatively,
  • Finish a 4-year B.A/B.Sc or equivalent undergraduate degree in any discipline, then pursue a 1-2 year B.Ed program.
  • Interested in becoming a high school Government teacher? In addition to the mentioned programs, you can also explore pursuing a 4-year integrated UG course like BA BEd.

Upon completing your graduation, you have the option to pursue admission to a postgraduate government teacher training course like M.Ed or M.Phil in Education. Furthermore, it’s essential to clear the UGC NET or an equivalent entrance exam to secure a position as a senior-secondary government teacher.

Key Highlights on Becoming a Government Teacher after 12th

It’s apparent that a career as a Government teacher after 12th is achievable upon completing either a 4-year undergraduate degree or a 2-year diploma program. To offer further clarity on how to pursue this career path in 2023, we’ve categorized both undergraduate and postgraduate courses below.

Preparation for Undergraduate Government Teacher Training Course

Candidates who have effectively completed senior secondary school or class 12th with an aggregate of 55-60% or equivalent marks, as regulated under N.C.T.E, qualify to pursue the following courses to initiate their journey as a Government teacher immediately after 12th class –

  • Embark on a 2-year Diploma program in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) or Physical Education (DPE), then proceed to sit for state and central-level entrance exams like CTET, NET, etc.
  • Complete a 3-year Bachelor’s Degree in any field from a UGC-approved recognized University under the Government of India. Subsequently, pass any entrance exam like CUET, MAH B.Ed CET, IGNOU B.Ed, RIE CEE, to secure admission in a 2 or 3-year B.Ed program.
  • The 4-year integrated BA+B.Ed program, usually one year shorter than the mentioned course, provides candidates with the chance to utilize that extra time for preparing for CTET or other State TET entrance exams.

Preparation for Diploma Government Teacher Training Course

Aspirants aiming to become Government teachers after the 12th exam, without opting for UG or PG courses, have the option to enroll in the following programs –

  • Candidates have the opportunity to enroll in a 2-year Elementary Education Training (ETT) diploma program through state entrance exams like D.El.Ed., or central and state TET exams such as CTET and others, paving their way to become elementary teachers in government schools.
  • The top-notch Diploma government teacher training course is Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed.). Following this, you can undertake entrance exams like CTET or STET to secure a teaching position for lower or upper-primary levels in institutions such as KVS PRT, etc.
  • You also have the option to join a 2-year Diploma in Physical Education (DPE) program based on 12th merit, gearing you up for a career as a Physical Education teacher.

Guide on Becoming a Government Teacher after Graduation

Now that you’ve grasped the process of becoming a government teacher after 12th, let’s delve into further career opportunities. Many aspiring candidates also inquire about becoming a government teacher after Graduation. Several post-graduate or PG-level government teacher training courses are available for pursuit immediately after completing your BA/B.Sc or B.Ed degree.

  • To grasp the pathway to becoming a government teacher after graduation, you can sit for any entrance exam like DUET, CUET, TISSNET to secure admission in a 2-year Master of Education (M.Ed.) program. This program equips you for teaching in UG-level streams in government colleges.
  • A prerequisite for enrolling in the M.Ed program is holding a B.Ed degree.
  • Upon finishing the M.Ed government teacher training course, you have the option to pursue a Ph.D. degree or M.Phil in Education.
  • After graduation, candidates can pursue a 2-year Master’s degree (M.A/M.Sc) program, and then clear UGC NET to become eligible for Assistant Professor positions in government universities and colleges in India.
  • You can also specialize in research within your specific field by successfully clearing the UGC NET Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) exam.

Teacher Training Courses for Government Positions after 12th

There are plenty of teacher training courses to guide you on the path of becoming a government teacher after 12th, as listed below.

Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)

B.Ed is a 2-year government teacher training course, with a maximum completion duration of 5 years. To qualify for B.Ed, candidates need a 3-year Bachelor’s degree with at least 50% marks, along with clearing entrance exams like MAH B.Ed, DU B.Ed, CUET, UP B.Ed JEE, Bihar B.Ed. CET, TS EDCET, etc. A B.Ed degree is mandatory for government teaching positions as per NCTE regulations, available in offline, online, and distance modes. IGNOU B.Ed is a renowned distance program. The B.Ed program comprises 4 semesters, each typically lasting for 5-6 months.

Using the B.Ed certificate of eligibility, it’s recommended to participate in central or state-level TET exams like CTET, Super TET, TET, etc., to embark on a career as a government teacher after 12th in primary, secondary, and senior-secondary schools up to class 12.

Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed)

B.El.Ed, a 4-year undergraduate government teacher training program, is available through state-level entrance tests such as DU B.El.Ed, among others. Eligible candidates, aged between 15 to 17 years, who have achieved a minimum aggregate of 55% in their 12th class exam, can apply for the B.El.Ed course. Upon graduation, they can embark on roles as pre-primary or primary teachers, nurturing students aged 6 to 12 years.

Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed)

B.P.Ed is a 3 or 4-year Bachelor’s degree course in Physical Education. Candidates need to have passed the 10+2 exam with a minimum aggregate of 55-60%. Applicants must be at least 17 years old to join this government teacher training course. To enroll in the B.P.Ed program, candidates must clear B.P.Ed entrance tests like BHU UET, ITM NEST, TS PECET, etc., or secure admission based on 12th marks merit. Upon completing this course, individuals can also apply for state-level entrance exams like OSSC PET to qualify for direct recruitment as a Physical Education Teacher in state government schools.

Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed)

D.El.Ed is a 2-year diploma government teacher training course designed to equip aspirants for teaching primary/upper primary levels from classes 1 to 8. To be eligible for this course, candidates must have achieved a minimum aggregate of 60% in their 10+2 exams. Both regular full-time and distance D.El.Ed programs are open for application. Admission to D.El.Ed programs can be acquired through four methods outlined below:

  • Regular programs can be accessed through state-level entrance exams like Bihar D.El.Ed, UP D.EL.Ed., Haryana D.El.Ed., AP DEECET, Uttarakhand D.El.Ed., or through merit-based admission using class 12th marks.
  • You can pursue distance programs via IGNOU D.El.Ed, Bihar D.El.Ed (ODL) course, or through private colleges like Jamia Milia, Integral University, DY Patil University, etc.
  • The NIOS D.El.Ed program closely mirrors the standard D.El.Ed course, differing primarily in eligibility criteria. It’s specifically tailored for current in-service untrained primary teachers aiming to elevate their career prospects.
  • Pre D.El.Ed programs are crafted to aid candidates in grasping the basics of the standard D.El.Ed course. As an illustration, the Rajasthan Pre D.EL.ED. serves as an exemplar of such a preparatory course.

Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Education (B.A B.Ed)

B.A B.Ed is an integrated 4-year undergraduate government teacher training course available immediately after completing senior secondary school. Candidates need to achieve a 50-55% aggregate in the 10+2 exam to qualify for this program. Generally, admission to B.A B.Ed is based on merit, although some institutions may also conduct entrance exams. Therefore, clearing state-level tests like Rajasthan PTET, DU B.Ed, CUET, etc., is crucial. It’s worth noting that there’s a similar program called B.Sc.B.Ed, tailored for Science stream aspirants, while BA.B.Ed caters to Humanities stream students.

Entrance exams for aspiring government teachers after completing 12th grade

Having covered government teacher training courses post-12th, let’s now delve into the prominent entrance exams necessary to qualify for positions as primary or upper primary teachers in government schools.

Teacher Eligibility Test (TET)

The Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) is administered by various state governments. It consists of two papers: Paper 1 for primary level teaching (classes 1-5) and Paper 2 for upper primary/secondary level teaching (classes 6-8), although there are exceptions in some cases. Candidates can choose to take either one or both papers, and successful completion results in a TET eligibility certificate. This certificate enables them to apply for teaching positions in government schools. Popular TET exams include WBTET, UPTET, Bihar TET, MAHA TET, among others.

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national-level examination administered by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). It assesses candidates’ eligibility for teaching positions in central government schools such as Kendriya Vidyalayas and Navodaya Vidyalayas, as well as schools under the Union Territories’ jurisdiction. CTET consists of two papers: Paper 1, aimed at teachers for classes 1 to 5, and Paper 2, for teachers of classes 6 to 8. Candidates can choose to take either one or both papers, depending on their desired teaching level. Upon successful completion, candidates receive the CTET eligibility certificate, which remains valid for seven years and allows them to apply for teaching vacancies in central government schools.

The CTET exam, conducted twice annually by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) nationwide, is categorized into three sections: Paper I for teaching classes 1-5, Paper II for classes 6-8, and both papers for classes 1-8. Upon meeting the CTET’s qualifying criteria, candidates earn a certificate, allowing them to seek teaching roles in Central government-affiliated schools like KVS and NVS across India, specializing in their chosen primary curriculum.

State Teacher Eligibility Test (STET) is an examination conducted by individual state governments to assess the eligibility of candidates for teaching positions in state-affiliated schools. The STET is divided into two papers: Paper I for teaching classes 1-5 and Paper II for classes 6-8. Candidates can choose to appear for either one or both papers depending on their desired teaching level. Upon passing the STET, candidates receive a certificate of eligibility, which enables them to apply for teaching positions in state government schools within their respective states.

STETs are tailored to recruit candidates as government teachers within their individual states. For instance, passing the Bihar STET Exam certifies you to teach classes 9th to 12th in Bihar Government schools, adhering to the criteria laid out in Papers 1 and 2.

The National Eligibility Test (NET) is a nationwide exam conducted to determine eligibility for lectureship and Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) in Indian universities and colleges.

The UGC NET, administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA) under the guidance of the University Grants Commission (UGC), is a crucial exam for aspiring academics. A successful UGC NET result provides candidates with the opportunity to apply for Assistant Professor positions in UGC-approved institutions or pursue the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for research opportunities. It’s worth noting that applicants need to possess a Master’s degree in a relevant field to qualify for UGC NET.

Discover the nuanced variations between UGC NET and CSIR NET right here!

Skills Needed to Pursue a Career as a Government Teacher after 12th

It’s crucial to realize that success as a government teacher entails more than just passing exams or completing training programs. To thrive in this role and manage diverse classrooms effectively, you’ll need essential pedagogical knowledge and skills. Here are some vital skills you must possess to become a government teacher after 12th:

Ability to Think Creatively

Innovative Thinking
Analytical Reasoning
Leadership Acumen
Effective Classroom Management
Strong Organizational Skills
Efficient Time Management
Empathy and Patience
Open and Friendly Communication
Broad Subject Expertise

Advantages of Pursuing a Career as a Government Teacher after 12th

Now that you’re equipped with the requisite knowledge and skills needed to embark on a career as a government teacher after 12th or even Graduation, let’s delve into some of the benefits below.

  • Shaping Future Leaders: Government schools primarily serve lower or middle-class communities, providing education to those with limited access to resources. As government teachers, we play a crucial role in fostering talent within these communities, helping to mold future leaders.
  • Job Security: Like other government roles, government teachers benefit from robust job security. They are shielded from external threats to their employment and can maintain their position until they voluntarily decide to leave.
  • Favorable Leave Policies: Government schools provide appealing job benefits like extended leaves, medical leave provisions, and housing facilities for teachers. Moreover, they frequently offer opportunities for professional development, including study breaks for further education.
  • Continuous Growth Potential: Government teaching roles provide individuals with ongoing opportunities for learning, allowing them to deepen their expertise in specialized subjects or explore new areas throughout their professional journeys.
  • Benefits in Advanced Education: Government educators, having cleared B.Ed or similar entrance exams like CTET, State TET, etc., gain a notable edge when advancing their studies, pursuing endeavors such as M.Ed or roles as Assistant Professors in colleges. Their familiarity with exam syllabi enhances their prospects for success in future academic endeavors.

Government teachers receive competitive salaries commensurate with their qualifications and experience. The salary structure typically includes various allowances and benefits, ensuring financial stability and job satisfaction.

Once you’ve grasped the process of becoming a Government teacher after 12th, you’ll realize the potential to secure positions in various central and state-affiliated schools like KVS, Army schools, convent schools, etc. The initial salary for government teachers after 12th ranges from 3.5 to 4 lakh per year. Let’s explore the salary breakdown based on specialization below.

SpecializationAverage Yearly Salary (approx)
Primary teachersRs. 4,50,000 
Secondary teachersRs. 4,70,000
Senior-secondary teachersRs. 5,00,000
Special teachersRs. 5,30,000
Lecturer/ProfessorRs. 7,50,000

We believe that this article has effectively addressed your questions and concerns about pursuing a career as a government teacher after 12th. For more valuable insights into teaching exam-related information and expert notes, you can download the Testbook App for free today.

FAQs: How to Become a Government Teacher after 12th

  1. Can I pursue a career as a government teacher after completing my 12th?
    Yes, you can opt for various diploma and integrated programs in education after completing your 12th to become a government teacher.
  2. What are the eligibility criteria for government teacher training courses after 12th?
    Eligibility criteria vary depending on the specific course, but typically candidates need to have passed their 12th exams with a certain minimum percentage.
  3. Which entrance exams are required to become a government teacher after 12th?
    Common entrance exams include CTET, STET, DU B.Ed, CUET, and various state-level TET exams.
  4. Do I need a B.Ed degree to become a government teacher?
    While a B.Ed degree is often required, there are also diploma and integrated programs available for aspiring government teachers after 12th.
  5. What are the career prospects and benefits of becoming a government teacher after 12th?
    Government teaching positions offer job security, favorable leave policies, continuous learning opportunities, and attractive salary packages, among other benefits.

Becoming a High School Government Teacher

To secure a role as a high school government teacher, teaching classes 8-12, candidates must first complete a B.Ed program post-graduation. Following this, they should successfully pass either the CTET or State TET entrance exams.

After completing your 12th grade, you have several pathways to become a government teacher. Consider pursuing diploma or integrated programs like D.El.Ed or B.A. B.Ed, tailored to prepare individuals for teaching roles. Upon program completion, you’ll need to pass entrance exams like CTET or State TET to qualify for government teaching positions.

After graduating from high school, there are numerous government teacher training programs available, ranging from traditional degrees like B.Ed, B.El.Ed, or B.P.Ed to diploma courses such as D.El.Ed or D.P.Ed. Upon successful completion of your selected program, you can become eligible for government teaching positions in primary or secondary schools by passing exams like CTET or State TET.

Which exam is most ideal for aspiring government teachers?

CTET, known as the Central Teacher Eligibility Test, is renowned as the foremost central-level teaching exam conducted nationwide. It acts as the primary pathway for recruiting candidates into diverse government central-affiliated schools like KVS, NVS, as well as convent or army schools.

What’s the starting salary for a government teacher after completing 12th grade?

While the article elaborates on salary specifics tied to specialization, as a starting point, you can expect an annual income of up to Rs. 3.5 lakhs.

To embark on a career as a government teacher after completing 12th without a B.Ed degree, you have alternative pathways available. You can pursue diploma courses like D.El.Ed (Diploma in Elementary Education) or integrated programs like B.A. B.Ed or B.Sc. B.Ed. These specialized programs are tailored to equip individuals for teaching roles in government schools. Following the completion of one of these programs, you’ll need to qualify for entrance exams like CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) or State TET (Teacher Eligibility Test) to become eligible for government teaching positions.

As per NCTE guidelines, completing a B.Ed program is a prerequisite to become a government teacher at any level. However, you can teach in private schools without holding a B.Ed degree.